To millions of women it has been the great liberator over the past four decades, allowing them the freedom to control their fertility and their relationships. But the contraceptive Pill could also be responsible for skewing their hormones (Altering their hormones) and attracting them (Even while being married) to the “wrong” partner.
A study by British scientists suggests that
taking the Pill can change a woman’s taste in men —
to those who are genetically less compatible. (To younger, more outgoing, more exciting sexually
promiscuous men. Why does this not seem surprising as divorce has risen
with the rise of The Pill in the
The research found that the Pill can alter the type of male scent that women find most attractive, which may in turn affect the kind of men they choose as partners. It suggests that the popular form of contraception — used by a quarter of British women aged between 16 and 50 — could have implications for fertility and relationship breakdowns. (Causing -- Adultery, Fornication, and Divorce – aka A wife falling out of love with her husband. W)
The findings, from a team at the
The Pill is thought to disrupt an instinctive mechanism that brings together people with complementary genes and immune systems. Such a couple, by passing on a wide-ranging set of immune system genes, increase their chances of having a healthy child that is not vulnerable to infection.
Couples with different genes are also less likely to experience fertility problems or miscarriages. Experts believe that women are naturally attracted to men with immune system genes different to their own because of their smell.
Commenting on the latest study, the researchers said that it could indicate that the Pill disrupts women’s ability to judge the genetic compatibility of men by means of their smell. (I have not had anything against women using The Pill or any number of birth control methods, with exception to the French abortion pill RU-847. My wife took birth control pills and this article makes me wonder about her behavior early on as she became infatuated with man after man during our marriage, (One more than 20 years older than her [She was 18] and another almost 60 years older than her [She was 23]. And later [she was 35] it was young men 17 years younger, and more recently at 45 it was a young man 27 years younger than her. She has been off The Pill for about 15 years so I wonder if the changes might also be permanent. I will add here also that she became beset with depression anger and a number of other very negative things that could be suddenly triggered by seemingly anything. Realistically I can not blame The Pill as being a major factor in her outrageous and ungodly behavior regardless of what future studies may or may not find, but I can see that The Pill has a contributing effect. Rather than stating at this time an absolute no to The Pill, this article should serve as a warning, and that a husband and wife should be cognizant if any of these warning signs seem to crop up and discontinue use and use instead a diaphragm with spermicidal cream or another method.)
They said that this might not only impact on fertility and miscarriage risk, but could even contribute to the end of relationships as women who stop or start taking the Pill no longer find their boyfriend or husband so attractive.
Several previous studies have suggested that women tend to prefer the smell of men who are different from them in a cluster of genes called the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), which governs the immune system. Some of these studies have also found that this effect is not seen among Pill users.
The latest study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society, has now assessed the impact of Pill use in the same women, both before and after they began using oral contraception. A group of 97 women was tested, some of whom started taking the Pill during the course of the research. All had their MHC genes tested and were asked to sniff T-shirts worn in bed by men with different patterns of MHC genes.
Unlike some previous studies, the research did not find any preference for dissimilar MHC genes. However, when the women started taking the Pill their preferences shifted towards the scent of men with more similar genes to their own.
This suggests that Pill use has an effect on perceptions of scent attractiveness, even if there is no underlying female preference for similar or dissimilar MHC genes.
Craig Roberts, who led the study, said: “The results showed that the preferences of women who began using the Pill shifted towards men with genetically similar odours. Not only could MHC-similarity in couples lead to fertility problems, but it could ultimately lead to the breakdown of relationships when women stop using the Pill, as odour perception plays a significant role in maintaining attraction to partners.”
The research also found differences between women in relationships, who tended to prefer odours of men with different MHC genes, and single women, who tended to prefer the smell of MHC-similar men.
This could potentially indicate that if women are tempted to have an affair, they are more likely to choose a man with very different genes, to maximise the diversity of any offspring that they might have.
The scientists said that more work was needed to explain the way various studies have obtained different results on whether women naturally prefer men with different or similar MHC genes. They also cautioned that the importance of scent in human mating preferences remains uncertain.
The research backs up an earlier study of how
women’s perceptions of partners can alter when taking the Pill. Psychologists
from St Andrews and
However, women who are not taking that form of contraception seem to be more likely to go for more sensitive types of men without traditionally masculine features.
“The Pill, to a great degree, made possible the (hetero)sexual revolution. Yet those who developed oral contraceptives did not intend to promote what the majority of Americans at the time called promiscuity” Beth Bailey, historian
“In destroying the power of giving life, through contraception, a husband or wife is doing something to self. This . . . destroys the gift of love in him or her” Mother Teresa