Article One in the Constitution



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We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


In recent history Socialist Statists have lifted the phrase promote the general Welfare and redefined the term General Welfare as: Normal Social Welfare Programs, so called  Social Justice Regulations and Laws, as well as Taxation that is used to redistribute one citizens money to others.


The complete phrase: Promote the General Welfare, and secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves (The People Not Congress, Not Judges and Lawyers, Not the President or any agents of the President ) had quite a different meaning in the use of the English usage of the day 230 years ago.


We have spoken of in times past how the Constitution and the US Government is a mirror image to what occuring in Church history concerning the New Testament and the Church so that here we see how far this nation after 230 some odd years, (Congress the President and the Judicial Branch) have strayed from the Constitution and the Bill of Rights and the intent of this nations framers and founders.


James Madison

"If Congress can employ money indefinitely to the general welfare, and are the sole and supreme judges of the general welfare, they may take the care of (Create a State Church or Denomiation as was done in England, France, Finland, ect.) religion into their own hands; they may appoint teachers in every State, (US Department of Education – Funds  Programs and Mandates directed by Congress) county and parish and pay them out of their public treasury; they may take into their own hands the education of children, establishing in like manner schools throughout the Union; they may assume the provision of the poor; (Welfare, Social Security, Medicaid, Medicare, Government Housing, Housing assistance, Redistrubution of wealth) they may undertake the regulation of all roads (US Department of Transportation, FAA, ) other than post-roads; in short, every thing, from the highest object of state legislation down to the most minute object of police, would be thrown under the power of Congress....(Speaking of all other US Departments that seek to regulate and control commerce and the life and freedom of all citizens, as well as all laws Congress has passed to do so)   Were the power of Congress to be established in the (This type of broad overeaching)  latitude contended for, it would subvert the very foundations, and transmute the very nature of the limited Government established by the people of America."


Vetoing of Federal Public Works bill (President James Madison):

To refer the power in question to the clause "to provide for common defense and general welfare" would be contrary to the established and consistent rules of interpretation, (Here in the earliest years of our nation Members of the House of Representatives and the US Senate either being ignorant of the meaning and purpose of the Constitution or attempting to stretch the bounds of the House and Senate are slapped down by then President James Madison who Authored and Framed the Constitution that such an intent is wholly unconstitutional) as rendering (Illegal) the special and careful enumeration of powers which follow the clause nugatory and improper. Such a view of the Constitution would have the effect of giving to Congress a general power of legislation instead of the defined and limited one hitherto understood to belong to them, (Congress in the Constitution has no power to create any general legislation over the States, nor over the Citizens, much less to regulate States, Commerce, the States, nor citizens) the terms "common defense and general welfare" embracing every object and act within the purview of a legislative trust. It would have the effect of subjecting both the Constitution and laws of the several States in all cases not specifically exempted to be superseded by laws of Congress, (In such a case Congress and the President will have overthrown the Constitution, States Rights and Individuals rights becoming kings and Lords, as opposed to public servants) it being expressly declared "that the Constitution of the United States and laws made in pursuance thereof (Created by Congress and the President) shall be the supreme law of the land, and the judges of every state shall be bound thereby, (The EPA, the US Department of Commerce, the National Park Service, BLM ect.)  anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding." Such a view of the Constitution, finally, would have the effect of excluding the judicial authority of the United States from its participation in guarding the boundary between the legislative powers of the General (Note the use of the word General here by Madison as being used as “Federal Government”) and the State Governments, inasmuch as questions relating to the general welfare, being questions of policy and expediency, are unsusceptible of judicial cognizance and decision. (So Madison says that General Welfare is the business of conducting the Federal Government that DO NOT impinge upon Judges, States, Commerce and the People of the nation – ie the purchase of paper, paperclips pencils PC’s building and maintaining Congress, the department of treasury as being the printer of our national currency [And no more], the Whitehouse, the Secret Service, etc.)

A restriction of the power (Congress is restricted) "to provide for the common defense and general welfare" to cases which are to be provided for by the expenditure of money would still leave within the legislative power of Congress all the great and most important measures of Government, (To do so only in cases necessary to run the Federal Government) money being the ordinary and necessary means of carrying them into execution.

If a general power to construct roads and canals, and to improve the navigation of water courses, with the train of powers incident thereto, be not possessed by Congress, the assent of the States in the mode provided in the bill can not confer the power. The only cases in which the consent and cession of particular States can extend the power of Congress are those specified and provided for in the Constitution.

"If Congress can do whatever in their discretion can be done by money, and will promote the General (Government’s own) Welfare, (Perogative) the Government is no longer a limited one, possessing enumerated powers, but an indefinite one...." -- James Madison, letter to Edmund Pendleton, January 21, 1792